Construction is a multidisciplinary field that encompasses planning, designing, financing and constructing physical facilities (like buildings or infrastructure) until they are finished and ready for use. To ensure effective management and coordination throughout this process, numerous specialists are involved.
Depending on the scope of the project, mortgage bankers, accountants and cost engineers may also be involved. These professionals analyze and create an overall plan for financial management of a construction venture. They ensure proper valuation is applied to work and materials used as well as monitoring payouts throughout completion.
This includes determining the correct zoning requirements, legal issues and environmental impact. Furthermore, scheduling, budgeting and bidding must take place. Construction sites must be safe for workers as well as having sufficient building materials available for construction purposes.
These projects tend to be large and intricate. They necessitate collaboration among multiple disciplines, including project managers, design engineers, construction engineers, architects – often times including environmental concerns like vegetation growth or water pollution.
The initial phase of any construction project is design. This typically begins when the client engages consultants who advise them on how best to construct their structure. This may include architects, engineers and town planners as well as ecologists and environmental engineers who will help calculate required resources and materials for the venture.
Once the design is finalized, a tender process will commence to select the most qualified construction contractors for the job. After being awarded, these firms can begin actual construction work.
They will then proceed to construct the structure in such a way that shields it from external elements like weather and floods. When creating these structures, it is essential to factor in 100-year storm and flood probabilities.
Another major phase is the finishing touches, which involve finishing both interior and exterior parts of the structure. This involves adding glassware, doors, finished carpentry work, tiling work and other finishes. It is essential that all details are done accurately to avoid errors that could arise in the future.
At this stage, any repairs or maintenance that is needed on the building as well as improvements can be done. In some cases, demolition and deconstruction may even take place if it is no longer in use.
These activities are usually coordinated and managed by a qualified project manager or construction engineer, who must guarantee all work is completed on schedule and according to plan. These professionals typically hold degrees from either construction engineering or architecture schools and must possess several years of relevant experience within their chosen field.